Enter your email address:

Delivered by FeedBurner

Friday, September 11, 2020

Judged according to

Judged according to
By Shawn Cahill

In evangelizing to the lost I have heard people say things like "God will judge man according to the ten commandments". I always found this odd since the ten commandments were given to Israel under the old covenant. This made we wonder what kinds of things will God judge the wicked for in the time of the new covenant. The below is so far what I have discovered, with some things possibly appearing more than once but under a different description. I'm certainly open to receiving any I have yet to discover. Many things are only in regards to the saints, as the wicked will not be judged for failing to preach the gospel, hence why such things are absent from the below list.

Adultery - 1 Corinthians 6:9
Anger - Galatians 5:20
Blasphemy against the Spirit - Matthew 12:31
Cowardice - Revelation 21:8
Covetousness - Ephesians 5:5
Denying the Lord - 2 Peter 2:1
Despisers - Revelation 21:8
Disobeying the gospel - 2 Thessalonians 1:8
Dissension - Galatians 5:20
Division - Galatians 5:20
Drunkenness - 1 Corinthians 6:10
Envy - Galatians 5:21
Evil desires - Colossians 3:5
Fraud - 1 Corinthians 6:10
Greed - 1 Corinthians 6:10
Hatred - Galatians 5:20
Homosexual sex - 1 Corinthians 6:9
Idolatry - 1 Corinthians 6:9
Impurity - Colossians 3:5
Jealousy - Galatians 5:20
Lying - Revelation 21:8
Murder - Revelation 21:8
Rioting - Galatians 5:21
Rivalry - Galatians 5:20
Self seeking - Romans 2:8
Sensuality - Galatians 5:19
Sexual immorality - Ephesians 5:5
Sorcery - Revelation 21:8
Starting destructive sects - 2 Peter 2:1
Strife - Galatians 5:20
Stubbornness - Romans 2:5
Theft - 1 Corinthians 6:10
Unbelief - Revelation 21:8
Verbal abuse - 1 Corinthians 6:10

This list may not be exhaustive, so if you have anything else from scripture please share it.

Thursday, September 10, 2020

Salvation defined

Salvation defined
By Shawn Cahill

The Greek word most often translated as salvation is sōtēria [G4991], and the corresponding word in Hebrew is yeshuw`ah [H3444].
Both words convey the same meaning which is deliverance. Deliverance is "the act of delivering someone or something :the state of being delivered".
Scripture describes different kinds of salvation such as:
Exodus 15:2 - Deliverance from enemies.
1 Samuel 2:1 - Deliverance from being barren.
Job 30:15 - Deliverance from death.
Jonah 2:9 - Deliverance from the belly of a whale.
Luke 1:77 - Deliverance from ones sins.
Romans 13:11 - Deliverance from life in a fallen world.
Philippians 1:19 - Deliverance from prison.
1 Thessalonians 5:9 - Deliverance from the wrath of God.
2 Timothy 3:15 - Deliverance from the ways of the world.

In my experience, most of the time when the saints speak of salvation they are referring to deliverance from ones sins through the offering of Christ.
This salvation is the sole act of God, but one must believe in Christ in order to be saved (Acts 16:30-31). While God grants belief, but it is the person who chooses to believe, and then salvation is the result.
As it says in John 20:31 "by believing you may have life in his name".

Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Total Depravity of Arminianism

Arminianism is not a monolithic belief system, meaning not all Arminians are in agreement on this topic, but many Arminians believe in the doctrine of Total Depravity. 
 Total Depravity is referred to in the following Arminian document from 1618:
“Man does not have saving faith of himself, nor out of the powers of his free will, since in the state of sin he is able of himself and by himself neither to think, will, or do any good (which would indeed to be saving good, the most prominent of which is saving faith). It is necessary therefore that by God in Christ through His Holy Spirit he be regenerated and renewed in intellect, affections, will, and in all his powers, so that he might be able to understand, reflect upon, will and carry out the good things which pertain to salvation."
The Opinions of the Remonstrants, III and IV, On the operation of grace in the conversion of man, 1.

The claim is made that man in the state of sin lacks the ability to think, will, or do good. The contrary claim is that man can do all these things as God created them with such abilities.
The burden of proof is on the one making the claim, but which claim needs to be proven? I believe it is the former for the following reason. People of both positions believe that God created Eve and Adam with such abilities, but the former position claims this ability was taken away and needs to be restored through some kind of prevenient grace. Prevenient grace is simply some kind of grace that must come before man is able to have such abilities.
Being created is an act of prevenient grace so the disagreement is not with this, but that Total Depravity is a supposed judgement that God either sent or permitted to come upon all people with the exception of the man Christ Jesus.

Arminian's use various scriptures to support their belief in Total Depravity.
After asking Arminians they provided me with various scriptures, and said how they hold to the same scriptures Calvinists use for Total Depravity, so I also got various scriptures from the Calvinists as well.
After reviewing these scriptures, I see that they are often taken out of context, have things read into them, or take scripture about a specific group of people and apply that to all people from birth.
It would take way too long to explain how all these scriptures are mishandled, so let me categorize them all in the above three errors. Some fit into multiple errors, and are thus categorized multiple times.

1) Read into
The most common error is things being read into scripture.
These are scriptures with inability read into them:
Genesis 2:16-17, 3:24, 5:3, 6:5, 8:21, Psalms 51:5, 58:3, Proverbs 20:9, Ecclesiastes 7:20, 29, Isaiah 64:6, Jeremiah 17:9, Lamentations 3:39, Matthew 15:19, Mark 7:21-23, 10:18, John 8:34, Romans 3:9-19, 23, 5:6, 8, 12, 14-19, 6:23, 7:5, 14, 23, 25, 11:32, Ephesians 2:1-3, 1 Corinthians 2:14, 15:21-22, 49, Galatians 3:10, 5:17, Ephesians 4:18, Colossians 1:21, Titus 1:15, James 1:14-15, & 1 John 1:8.
Psalms 51:5 says "Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity, and in sin did my mother conceive me." 
If this psalm is interpreted literally it says David was conceived in sin, but says nothing about an inability to think, will, or do good.

2) Applied to all people
Another error is taking scripture about a specific group of people, and applying it to all people.
These are scriptures wrongly applied to all people:
Genesis 6:5, Jeremiah 13:23, Romans 3:9-19, 7:14, 17-18, 23, 25, 8:7, Titus 1:15, & 1 John 1:8.
Genesis 6:5 says "Yahweh saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every intention of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually."
Man here is speaking of man in general, but is misused to refer to all people without exception, which could not be true because little one's have no knowledge of evil (Deuteronomy 1:39).

3) Taken out of context
Another error is simply taking scripture out of it's context.
These are scriptures taken out of context:
Job 14:4, 15:14, Romans 3:9-19, 7:17-18, & 8:20.
Job 15:14 says "What is man, that he can be pure? Or he who is born of a woman, that he can be righteous?"
Here Eliphaz is responding to Job's defense of himself. Job said his woes were not due to God judging him for his sin. This was misunderstood to mean that Job was calling himself sinless which was not the case with him, or any other person for that matter.

These are additional scriptures that I don't understand how they could even be interpreted as teaching Total Depravity:
Genesis 1:27-28, 3:6-8, 13, Matthew 25:41, Acts 17:26, Romans 2:15, 7:7-8, 2 Corinthians 11:3, 2 Thessalonians 1:9, James 3:2, 1 John 1:10, & 3:4.

I have yet to find a single scripture that says man lacks the ability to think, will, or do good. Some people say you have to get the individual parts from various scriptures, and then when you put them together you get Total Depravity.
After reviewing the fifty eight scriptures I was given I noticed that only seven mention inability. A common assumption is if someone is said to not do something, that means they are unable to do it. Obviously this is fallacious.
Out of those seven only four mention an inability of Total Depravity, and that is the inability to do good. Out of those four only two of them are in reference to unbelievers. Neither of these two can refer to little one's who have no knowledge of evil, thus undermining Total Depravity.
For those who are curious the two scriptures are Jeremiah 13:23 & Romans 8:7, in which the inability only exists for those who are pursuing evil. So if one doesn't pursue evil, such as Cornelius in Acts 10, such inability does not exist.
After conducting such a study it is obvious to me that Arminians read Total Depravity into scripture, rather than out of it, and for this reason it should be rejected.

Tuesday, July 21, 2020

Fallacy of "the church believes"

Fallacy of "the church believes"
By Shawn Cahill

Occasionally people will make the claim that "The Church believes ____".
Another person will ask "How do you know what the body of Christ believes? Have you taken a survey of everyone who has faith in Christ?"
The claimant may respond with either of the following:
"Church Fathers such as Ignatius, Irenaeus, and Justin Martyr taught that."
"That was the conclusion of this ecumenical council."

The person making such a claim is committing a fallacy, and perhaps more than one.
Let's review some of these fallacies below:
1) Fallacy of composition = Something is true of the whole from the fact that it is true of some part of the whole.
Hence the body of Christ believes this, because some professing believers did.
2) Hasty Generalization = Drawing a conclusion based on a small sample size, rather than looking at statistics that are much more in line with the typical or average situation.
Hence the body of Christ believes this, because some professing believers did, rather than surveying as many saints as possible.
Basically the above two are a presumption.

Some people believe this is the Appeal to Authority fallacy, but such a fallacy focuses on the truthfulness of a claim, rather than on those said to believe the claim. This is also the same for the variant fallacy about the authority being invalid or false.

There is one thing we can say the body of Christ believes, and that is that Jesus is the Christ. This is because the only people who believe this are the one who make up the body.
So in summation usually when someone says something like "the Church has always believed this", they are not actually appealing to the body of Christ, but rather specific conclusions reached by some people throughout time who profess faith in Jesus.
And while they will probably reject such, let us saints speak the truth to them and point out who they are appealing to for truth.

Search Results

Web resuIrenaeus

Search Results

Web Irenaeus

Tuesday, July 7, 2020

Oral Torah

Oral Torah
By Shawn Cahill

Some followers of Judaism believe in something called the Oral Torah. Such people believe it came from God to Moses, and has been passed down orally until the time of it's being written down around AD 70. Though the earliest evidence we have to it's being written down comes from AD 200 in the form of the Mishnah. Though it was certainly in existence long before AD 70 as the following account from before this time describes.
"Then Pharisees and scribes came to Jesus from Jerusalem and said, 'Why do your disciples break the tradition of the elders? For they do not wash their hands when they eat.' He answered them, 'And why do you break the commandment of God for the sake of your tradition? For God commanded, ‘Honor your father and your mother,’ and, ‘Whoever reviles father or mother must surely die.’ But you say, ‘If anyone tells his father or his mother, What you would have gained from me is given to God, he need not honor his father.’ So for the sake of your tradition you have made void the word of God."
Matthew 15:1-6

There is evidence that the Oral Torah was not from Moses, but rather began much later.
In 2 Kings 22:8-13 it says:
"And Hilkiah the high priest said to Shaphan the secretary, 'I have found the Book of the Law in the house of Yahweh.' And Hilkiah gave the book to Shaphan, and he read it. And Shaphan the secretary came to the king, and reported to the king, 'Your servants have emptied out the money that was found in the house and have delivered it into the hand of the workmen who have the oversight of the house of Yahweh.' Then Shaphan the secretary told the king, 'Hilkiah the priest has given me a book.' And Shaphan read it before the king. When the king heard the words of the Book of the Law, he tore his clothes. And the king commanded Hilkiah the priest, and Ahikam the son of Shaphan, and Achbor the son of Micaiah, and Shaphan the secretary, and Asaiah the king’s servant, saying, 'Go, inquire of Yahweh for me, and for the people, and for all Judah, concerning the words of this book that has been found. For great is the wrath of Yahweh that is kindled against us, because our fathers have not obeyed the words of this book, to do according to all that is written concerning us."

King Josiah tore his clothes as he realized the kingdom of Judah had not been obeying the law. The book of the law did not reveal their disobedience, but rather the law that Josiah and the kingdom were ignorant of, and thus hadn't obeyed. This ignorance would not have existed if they had the Oral Torah.
It is said that opposition to the Dual Torah arose as early as 515 BC, suggesting that the Oral Torah was first began sometime after this account in 623. Obviously some of the Jews opposed the commands of the oral Torah as they could not find such in the written instruction from Moses.
Having tradition is one thing, but placing it on the same level as scripture is dangerous as we see with Roman Catholicism.
If you are a Jew stick to scripture, and look to the anointed prophesied in there, who is the man Yeshua of Nazareth who is your atoning sacrifice and Passover lamb.

Saturday, May 9, 2020

Heresy defined

Heresy defined
By Shawn Cahill

I often hear Christians throwing around the word 'heresy' a lot.
I was asked my opinion about something being heresy or not, and I had to respond that I would fist have to study what scripture describes heresy as.
The English word heresy comes from the Greek word hairesis - Strong's #139 which is used nine times in scripture. The English word "heresy" is not a translation, but more of a transliteration rooted in the Greek.
In the King James Version it is translated as sect six times, and heresy three times.
Sect is defined in one dictionary as "a group of people with somewhat different religious beliefs from those of a larger group to which they belong".
This definition agrees with scripture on groups such as the Sadducees and Pharisees.
In Galatians 5:20 sects are included among the works of the flesh.
1 Corinthians 11:18-19 & 21 (Green's Literal Translation) says:
"Indeed, first, I hear divisions to be among you when you come together in the assembly. And I believe it in some part. For also heresies need to be among you, so that the approved ones may become revealed among you.... For each one takes his own supper first in the eating; and one is hungry, and another drunken".
Here the sects were those who took their own supper first, and those who got drunk, not caring to wait for others as some did.
2 Peter 2:1 says:
"But false prophets were also among the people, as also false teachers will be among you, who will secretly bring in destructive heresies, and denying the Master who has bought them, bringing swift destruction on themselves."
Notice it says "destructive heresies" in the plural.
At least one way these sects are destructive is by "denying the Master" which causes one to lose out on eternal life. So not only do false teachers teach falsehood, but they also bring in destructive sects.
There may be sects that are not destructive, though I have not found any in scripture.
Later in second century non scriptural writings, the word hairesis began to be used to include false teaching.
When scripture speaks of false teaching it uses at things such as the following:
heterodidaskaleo - Strong's #2085
"If anyone advocates a different doctrine and does not agree with sound words, those of our Lord Jesus Christ, and with the doctrine conforming to godliness," - 1 Timothy 6:3
"But you say, ‘Whoever says to his father or mother, “Whatever I have that would help you has been given to God,” he is not to honor his father or his mother.’ And by this you invalidated the word of God for the sake of your tradition." - Matthew 15:5-6
"(which all refer to things destined to perish with use)-- in accordance with the commandments and teachings of men?" - Colossians 2:22
"But the Spirit explicitly says that in later times some will fall away from the faith, paying attention to deceitful spirits and doctrines of demons," - 1 Timothy 4:1

In summation the he Greek word hairesis means a sect in scripture, and only later did man extend that meaning to include false teaching. Hence we should not take the latter meaning and red that into scripture despite how long it has been used in Christendom.

Saturday, April 11, 2020

Sin defined

Sin defined
By Shawn Cahill

To explain what sin is, let's first go into the word itself.
The English word "sin" is more of a transliteration than a translation.
Since the word has scriptural connections, let us go to scripture and look at the words most often translated as "sin".
The earliest account of "sin" [chatta'ath - H2403] is Genesis 4:7 where God told Cain:
"If you do well, will you not be accepted? And if you do not do well, sin is crouching at the door. Its desire is contrary to you, but you must rule over it."
Here sin is something that is not well.
There is another Hebrew word [chata' - H2398] translated as sin in Job 1:5 where it says:
"And when the days of the feast had run their course, Job would send and consecrate them, and he would rise early in the morning and offer burnt offerings according to the number of them all. For Job said, “It may be that my children have sinned, and cursed God in their hearts.” Thus Job did continually."
Here sin is recognized as cursing God.
The above two Hebrew words are the two with the earliest chronological occurrences.
These words are where the Greek scripture get their concept of sin from, being used in the same kind of ways. This is seen in the Greek Septuagint (LXX) where the Greek words most often translated as sin are used in place of the above two Hebrew words.
Some examples from the LXX are the following:
Leviticus 12:8, Deuteronomy 19:16, Proverbs 11:31, Jeremiah 5:25, 31:34 & Hosea 10:8.

Earlier in Genesis 4:7 God himself described sin as something not well, and with this in mind let's review a few other scriptures that show how this and the other Hebrew word above are used.
1) Genesis 20:6 "Then God said to him in the dream, “Yes, I know that you have done this in the integrity of your heart, and it was I who kept you from sinning against me. Therefore I did not let you touch her."
The sin was Abimelech almost having sex with Abraham's wife.
2) Genesis 20:9 "Then Abimelech called Abraham and said to him, What have you done to us? And how have I sinned against you, that you have brought on me and my kingdom a great sin? You have done to me things that ought not to be done."
The sin was some kind of offense that Abimelech would have done to Abraham.
3) Genesis 31:39 "What was torn by wild beasts I did not bring to you. I bore the loss of it myself. From my hand you required it, whether stolen by day or stolen by night."
The "loss" was something that was torn up, hence not good, or well as mentioned above.
4) Exodus 29:36 "and every day you shall offer a bull as a sin offering for atonement. Also you shall purify the altar, when you make atonement for it, and shall anoint it to consecrate it."
Here "purify" is referring to what was accomplished through the bull being killed. Perhaps suggesting that the killing of the bull was not good as it did not deserve to be killed.
5) Judged 20:16 "Among all these were 700 chosen men who were left-handed; every one could sling a stone at a hair and not miss."
Here "miss" refers to making a shot that is not well in that it misses the mark. This idea of miss the mark was not the initial usage, but rather was developed from it as the meaning is similar, although not identical.
6) 2 Samuel 12:13 "David said to Nathan, “I have sinned against the LORD.” And Nathan said to David, “The LORD also has put away your sin; you shall not die."
Here the sin was when David knowingly committed adultery, and then had her husband killed so as to cover up the act. David violated the law God spoke to Israel through adultery (Exodus 20:14) and murder (Exodus 20:13).
So if we try to sum up all the above descriptions sin describes something being done that is not good. Such can be done in ignorance (Leviticus 4:2), but most of the time is done with knowledge that such is evil.

Why translate such as "sin"? The English word "sin" is a development of various languages ultimately from Latin. Due to this it is still retained in various Hebrew bibles along with Christian bibles.
The following is a list of Hebrew bibles that use the word "sin":
1) Abraham Benisch translation
2) ArtScroll Tanach
3) Complete Tanach with Rashi
4) The Holy Scriptures
5) The Leeser Bible
6) Living Torah and Nach
7) Michael Friedländer's Jewish Family Bible
8) New JPS version
9) Robert Alter translation

The name "Jesus" is not a literal translation from the Hebrew language, but it is used today as it is so commonly known and understood. Such is the case with the word "sin", though just as with the name Jesus, both mean the same thing as their Hebrew counterparts when traced back.

In summation there is not a single word or phrase that can replace the word "sin" every time it appears, but rather the context must dictate the translation. We must acknowledge all it's definitions, not being partial to some because of some agenda we may have. One such agenda is people who don't like the idea of being held morally accountable to God for evil that deserves to be punished. Obviously such cannot be done unless one wants to make up a god they are more comfortable with, which is quite foolish.